Heat Pathways: Low Carbon Heat for Buildings
This report by Carbon Connect (Nov 2014) follows cross-party inquiry chaired by Shadow Energy Minister, Jonathan Reynolds MP, and Conservative, Dan Byles MP.
• Report argues we are embarking on a nationwide transformation in the way we heat our homes and buildings.
• Report calls for the next Government to fill gaps in the evidence base and ramp up delivery of low carbon heating and energy efficiency.
• Report argues there is no one solution to cutting emissions from building heat, and instead we are heading towards a ‘mixed future’ of technologies and fuels.
Together, the pathways examined in the report paint a picture of the nationwide transformation getting underway in how we heat our homes and buildings. The report identifies that by 2050, gas used to heat buildings could fall by 75-95%, electricity increase from a 10% share today to 30-80%, and district heat increase from less than 2% to up to a 40% share.
At the same time, energy efficiency could help to lower bills and offset the expected growth in our heating needs from an expanding population and building stock.
Across most pathways examined in the report, mass deployment of low carbon heat solutions ramps up in the lead-in to 2030. Carbon Connect’s overarching recommendation is that the next decade should be spent preparing by developing a robust strategy for decarbonising heat in buildings whilst testing and scaling up delivery models.
The report calls for the next Government to prioritise these preparations in the same way that preparing for power sector decarbonisation has been the overriding focus of energy policy in the past decade.